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【口语】英语口语8000句-8-见面、分手

2011-6-20 13:17:04 Admin

●碰到友人

!你好!

Hi! *Hello随便,用于比较熟悉的人,男女都可以用。

Hi! (!)

Hi! (!你好!)

你好!

Hello. *一天中常用的寒暄用语。

A)Hello, Mr. Smith. (史密斯先生,您好!)

B)Oh, hi John. (嗨,约翰,你好!)

*A为学生,B为老师。

你好!

Good afternoon. *下午用寒暄用语。主要用于工作环境中。

晚上好!

Good evening.

你好吗?

How are you? *最常用的问候方式。除了有问候对方“你好吗”的意思外,还含有“午安”在内的意思。

Hi, John! (!约翰,你好!)

Oh, Mary! How are you? (噢,玛丽,你好吗?)

How are you? (你好吗?)

Pretty good. (非常好。)

How's it going?

How're you doing? *语气较随便。

我很好,谢谢。

Fine, thank you.

I'm fine, thank you.

不怎么好。

Not so good. *用于身体状况不好或是有其他什么不好的事时。

How are you feeling? (你的身体怎么样?)

Not so good. (不怎么好。)

Not so great.

Could be better. *虽然“有向好的方向发展的余地”,但给人一种“不怎么好”的语感。

老样子。

Nothing much.

Nothing special.

认识您我很高兴。

Glad to meet you. *用于初次见面。

I'm glad to meet you.

Nice to meet you.

It's great meeting you.

出什么事啦?

What's up?

What's up? (出什么事啦?)

Nothing much. (没什么。)

What's new? *用于强调有无新的变化。

What's happening? *强调“发生什么事情了?

How've you been? *有好长时间没见的语感。

你的家人怎么样?

How's your family?

How's your family? (你的家人怎么样?)

Everyone's fine. (大家都很好。)

还好吧?

How's everything? *意为“进行得顺利吗?”。如果在饭馆服务员这样问的话是“饭菜怎么样?”的意思。

How's everything? (怎么样,还好吧?)

It's going pretty well. (一切很顺利。)

How's everything? (还好吧?)

Same as always. (和平常一样。)

How's everything going?

How's it going?

How are things?

工作怎么样?

How's business?

还可以。

Not bad.

今天怎么样?

How did it go today? *用于会议或聚会等特别场合。

How did it go today? (今天怎么样?)

So-so. (还凑合吧。)

How was your day?

和往常一样。

Oh, same as usual.

How was work today? (今天工作怎么样?)

Oh, same as usual. (和往常一样。)

Same old, same old. *俚语。

Another day, another dollar.

急着干什么去呀?

What's the hurry?

What's the hurry? (急着干什么去呀?)

We're going to be late for the movie. (我们赶着去看电影呢。)

Why are you in a hurry? (为什么那么着急?)

Why are you hurrying? (干吗那么着急?)

你去哪儿?

Where are you headed? *head 是动词,be headed for...表示“向着……前进”。

Where are you going?

Where are you off to?

你干吗呢?

What are you doing?

What are you doing? (你干吗呢?)

I'm ironing my shirt. (我在熨衬衫呢。)

我在想点事儿。

I was just thinking. *just 表示一种“有点”,“不过……”的语感。

我只是发了会儿呆。

I was just daydreaming. *daydream “沉湎于幻想”。

我只是在消磨时间。

I'm just killing time. *kill time “消磨时间”、“打发时间”。

I'm just hanging out. *hang out “什么都不做,无端地耗费时间”。

你想什么呢?

What's on your mind?

What's on your mind? (你想什么呢?)

I'm worried about my wife. (我有点担心我的妻子。)

What are you thinking of?

没想什么。/没什么。

Nothing.

和往常一样。

Another day, another dollar.

How was work today? (今天工作怎么样?)

Another day, another dollar. (和往常一样。)

你来的正是时候。

You've come just in time.

You've come at the right moment.

You've come at the right time.

原来你在这儿啊!

There you are! *用于终于找到了要找的人时。

There you are! (原来你在这儿啊!)

Were you looking for me? (你找我?)

Gotcha! *俚语。

Here you are.

Found you!

杰夫在吗?

Is Jeff around?

Is Jeff around? (杰夫在吗?)

He was here a few minutes ago. (几分钟前他还在这儿来着。)

你见到斯科特了吗?

Have you seen Scott? 多用于公司和学校。

Have you seen Scott? (你见到斯科特吗?)

No, not today. (没有,今天没看见他。)

我偶然碰到了他。

I ran into him. *run into “没想到的,偶然的相遇”。

I bumped into him.

哎,你猜我昨天遇见谁了?

Guess who I bumped into yesterday?

Guess who I bumped into yesterday? (哎,你猜我昨天遇见谁了?)

Who? (谁呀?)

我跟他素不相识。

He's a stranger to me. *表示“以前从没见过面”。

●好久不见

好久不见。

It's been a long time. *当别人这么对自己说时,通常用It sure has.来回答。

好久不见。

It's been so long.

John, is that you? (你是约翰吧?)

Yeah, it's been so long. (是我,好久没见。)

好久没见了。

Long time no see. *比较随便的说法。对方一般回答Yeah, how have you been?/Yeah, too long.

Long time no see. (好久没见了。)

Yeah, how have you been? (是呀,你还好吗?)

I haven't seen you for a long time.

I haven't seen you for ages.

还好吧?

How have you been?

How have you been? (还好吧?)

I've been all right. (嗯,挺好的。)

最近怎么样?

How have you been doing? *询问对方的身体和近况。

How have you been doing? (最近怎么样?)

I've been alright. (干得还不错。)

忙什么呢?

What have you been doing? *用来询问没见面的这段时间里的情况。

What have you been doing? (忙什么呢?)

Just working. (上班呗。)

What have you been doing? (忙什么呢?)

Nothing much. (没忙什么。)

What have you been up to?

你去哪儿了?

Where have you been?

很高兴又见到你。

I'm glad to see you again. *回答这句时说So am I. (我也是)see可以用meet代替。去掉again则带有初次见面的语感。

I'm happy to see you.

Nice to see you.

It's great seeing you again.

你一点儿都没变。

You haven't changed at all.

You're the same old Bob, aren't you? (鲍勃,你还是老样子。)

你没怎么变。

You haven't changed much.

You haven't changed much. (你没怎么变。)

Neither have you. (你也没变。)

你变样了。

You've really changed.

你长大了。

You've grown up.

You're all grown up now.

Look how you've grown up. (看你都长这么大了!) *多用于爷爷、奶奶见到孙辈时。

你越来越漂亮了。

You've become so beautiful.

You've gotten so pretty.

约翰他好吗?

Is John okay? *这种说法带有约翰有病或受伤的语感。

Is John okay? (约翰他好吗?)

He's getting better. (好多了。)

你看上去不错。

You look great.

You look great. (你看上去不错。)

You look good, too. (你也一样。)

你感觉怎么样?

How are you feeling?

How are you feeling? (你感觉怎么样?)

I'm feeling great. (我感觉很好。)

他这些日子过得怎么样?

How's he getting along these days?

How's he getting along these days? (他这些日子过得怎么样?)

Good. (挺好的。)

How's he doing? (他干得怎么样?)

最近你是不是胖了?

Are you gaining weight?

Are you gaining weight? (最近你是不是胖了?)

I'm afraid so. (好像是吧。)

Have you gained weight?

Are you getting fatter? *不礼貌的说法。

Are you losing weight? (最近你是不是瘦了?)

●分手时

再见!

Goodbye. *分手时最常用的寒暄用语。

Goodbye. (再见!)

Goodbye. Take care! (再见,保重啊!)

再见!

Bye. *Goodbye的说法随便。

Bye for now.

Have a nice day. (祝你今天愉快!)

See you later. (以后见!)

回头见!

See you.

See you later.

See you soon.

See you again.

Catch you later.

See you around. *用于在同一座楼里,过会儿还有可能再见面时。

我去了啊。

I'm off now. *off “去,走开”。

I'm leaving.

See you.

我得告辞了。

I have to go.

I have to go. (我得告辞了。)

Can't you stay a little longer? (再呆会儿吧!)

祝你好运!

Good luck! *在对某人去旅行或去做一件比较难的事情时使用。

Good luck! (祝你好运!)

Thanks. I need it. (谢谢,借你吉言。)

I wish you good luck.

祝你愉快!

Have a nice day. *Goodbye的用法一样。

Have a nice day! (祝你愉快!)

Same to you. (也祝你愉快!)

祝你周末愉快!

Have a nice weekend.

加油啊!祝你好运!

Good luck.

Break a leg. *原本是对要上台演出的人说的话。

Go for it. (走吧!)

Hang in there. (那,加油吧!)

祝你玩得愉快。

Have fun.

We're going to Hawaii! (我们要去夏威夷喽!)

Have fun! (祝你玩得愉快。)

Have a good time!

就这样,坚持下去。

Keep it up.

Keep it up! (就这样,坚持下去。)

Thanks for the encouragement. (谢谢你的鼓励!)

别干得太猛。

Don't work too hard.

Take care.

Be careful.

旅途愉快!

Have a nice trip. *对要去旅行的人说的话。

I wish you a pleasant journey.

Have a good vacation. (祝你假期愉快!)

Bon voyage. *这是一句法语,现在英文中也用。

那多保重!

Have a good one!

真舍不得走,但是……

I hate to run, but... *这句是结束谈话时的开场白。其语气为“虽然我不想走,但……”。

认识你我非常高兴。

It was nice meeting you. *只用于与初次见面的人分别时。其他情况下meet换成see

It was nice meeting you. (认识你我非常高兴。)

It was nice meeting you, too. (我也很高兴见到你。)

Nice meeting you.

请代我向约翰问好。

Please say hello to John (for me).

晚安!

Good night.

再来啊!

Come again.

Come again. (再来啊!)

I will. (我会来的。)

Please come again. (请您再来!)

I hope you can come over again. (希望你能再来。)

I'd be glad to have you over again. (如果你下次还能来的话我将很高兴。)

别忘了给我带点儿什么。

Don't forget to bring something back for me.

Don't forget to bring something back for me. (别忘了给我带点儿什么。)

Don't worry, I won't. (放心吧,忘不了。)

放松点儿!

Take it easy. *“放松”、“不要紧张”的语气。

Take it easy. (放松点儿!)

I can't. I have a test tomorrow. (不可能,我明天要考试。)

希望不久能再见到你。

I hope to see you again soon.

给我打电话。

Call me later.

Call me later. (给我打电话。)

Okay, I will. (嗯,好吧。)

多保重!

Take care. *“多加小心”的语气。

See you later. (再见。)

Take care. (多保重!)

你自己多保重。

Take care of yourself.

Take care of yourself. (你自己多保重!)

Don't worry about me. (别担心我!)

我还会来的。

I'll be back.

I'll be back. (我还会来的。)

You'd better. (一定来啊!)

I'll come back later. (不久我就会回来的。)

I'll stop by later. (我会顺便来的。)

天不早了。

It's getting late.

It's getting late. (天不早了。)

Let's go home. (我们回家吧。)

我得走了。

I've got to go. *口语用法。

I have to go.

I have to get going.

●暂时无法见面时

我会想你的。

I'll miss you. *miss “想,想念”。

I'll miss you. (我会想你的。)

I'll miss you, too. (我也会想你的。)

I'm gonna miss you. *gonna going to...的缩略形式,是比较随便的表达方式。

我真希望能和你在一起。

I wish I could go with you.

I wish I could go with you. (我真希望能和你在一起。)

So do I. (我也是。)

请代我向你的家人问好。

Please give my regards to your family.

Please give my regards to your family. (请代我向你的家人问好。)

I will. They asked me how you were doing. (我一定带到。我的家人也问过你的情况。)

你一定回来啊!

You must come back.

有空给我打电话。

Give me a call sometime.

Call me sometime.

我们什么时候再聚吧。

Let's get together again sometime.

Thank you. I enjoyed it very much. (谢谢,我真是太高兴了。)

Let's get together again sometime. (我们什么时候再聚吧。)

请给我写信。

Please write me (a letter).

我会给你写信的。

I'll write you (a letter).

让我们保持联系。

Let's keep in touch. *keep in touch with... “和……保持联系”、“保持接触”。

Let's keep in touch. (让我们保持联系。)

Will do. (好的。)

Let's keep in touch with each other. *each other “互相”。

别忘了写信。

Don't forget to write.

Don't forget to write. (别忘了写信。)

I won't. (忘不了。)

●拜访

有人吗?

Hello! Anyone home? *“对不起,屋里有人吗?”的语气。

Hello! Anyone home? (喂,有人吗?)

Yes? (谁呀?)

Yoo hoo! *进入别人家时一种口语的说法。

Hello! Is anyone there?

Excuse me! (对不起。)

Hey, you! (嘿,你呀!) *比较粗鲁的说法。

欢迎,请进!

Please come in! *可以用于各种场合,如欢迎他人等。

Please come in! (欢迎,请进!)

Sorry I didn't call first. (对不起,来之前我没打个电话来。)

Welcome!

Hello!

你能来,太好啦。

How nice of you to come!

How nice of you to come! (你能来,太好啦。)

Thanks for inviting me. (谢谢你邀请我。)

(It's) nice of you to come!

Thank you for coming.

你有事吗?

What do you want? *比较莽撞的语气。

Is anyone here? (有人吗?)

What do you want? (你有事吗?)

What are you here for?

别客气,像在自己家一样。

Please feel free to make yourself at home.

Make yourself at home.

请坐吧。

Have a seat.

Have a seat. (请坐吧。)

Oh, thank you. (啊,谢谢。)

Take a seat.

Please sit down.

您尽兴。

Enjoy yourself!

Have a good time!

您喝点什么吗?

Would you care for something to drink?

A) Would you care for something to drink?

(您喝点儿什么吗?)

B) Yes, I'll have a beer, please. (好的,我要啤酒。)

*当拒绝A的提问时,可以用No, thank you. (谢谢,我不喝。)/Maybe later. (过一会儿再说)

没关系。(不用担心我。)

Don't mind me.

Sorry, I'm too busy to talk to you now.

(对不起,我太忙了,顾不上和你说话。)

Don't mind me. I just came to see John.

(没关系,我只是来看看约翰。)

我可以用洗手间吗?

May I use your bathroom?

May I use your bathroom? (我可以用洗手间吗?)

Sure, go ahead. (当然可以,请吧!)

May I use your rest room?

Where can I freshen up? *女性问Where can I freshen up? (我可以在哪儿梳洗?) 是打听厕所的婉转说法。

May I use your toilet? *toilet 表示“厕所”,太直接,一般不用。除此之外,ladies' room“女厕所”, men's room“男厕所”,俚语 the johnthe head也表示“厕所”。

洗手间在哪儿?

Where's the bathroom?

Which way is the bathroom?

How can I get to the bathroom?

Could you tell me how to get to the bathroom? (能告诉我洗手间怎么走吗?)

可以借用一下您的电话吗?

May I use your phone?

Is it all right if I use your phone?

我得告辞了。

I'd better get going now.

I must be going now.

I have to leave now.

I gotta go now. *gotta为口语,是got to的缩略形式。

非常感谢您的盛情款待。

Thank you for inviting me. *用于要离开主人家时表示感谢的心情。

I'm glad you could come. (非常高兴,您今天能来。)

Thank you for inviting me. (非常感谢您的邀请。)

Thanks so much for inviting us today. (十分感谢您今天的盛情招待。)

有空再来串门吧。

Drop by sometime. *drop by (顺便)拜访,串门”。

Good-bye, John. Drop by sometime. (再见,约翰,有时间再来。)

Thanks. I will. (谢谢。好的。)

他亲自来看我。

He came to see me himself.

Did he send someone to see you? (他让谁来看你了?)

No, he came to see me himself. (不,他亲自来看我了。)

He came to see me personally.

您介意我抽烟吗?

Do you mind if I smoke? *回答这个问题的时候,不允许时用Yes, 允许时用No,与平时回答相反。

Do you mind if I smoke? (您介意我抽烟吗?)

No, not at all. (不介意,你抽吧。)

Would it bother you if I smoked?

Can I smoke?

Is it all right if I smoke?

Would it be okay to smoke?

您的房子真好。

I like your house.

I like your house. (您的房子真好。)

I'm glad to hear that. (听你这么说,我很高兴。)

我很喜欢你的公寓。

I really like your apartment.

I love your apartment.

小心脚下。

Watch your step.

Mind your step.

Be careful where you walk.

Look where you're going.

地上很滑。

The floor is slippery. *slippery “光滑”、“容易滑倒的”。

请打开电视。

Please turn on the TV. *关于turn的用法:turn on是打开(电视等)turn off是关上(电视等)turn up是开大(电视等)的声音,turn down是关小(电视等)的声音。

我可以把车停这儿吗?

Can I park my car here? *park “停车”。

Is parking okay here?

Is it all right to park my car here?

Am I permitted to park my car here?

●介绍某人

凯恩女士,这位是我的上司佐藤先生。

Ms. Kane, this is Mr. Sato, my boss.

Ms. Kane, this is my boss, Mr. Sato.

Ms. Kane, I would like to introduce my boss, Mr. Sato (to you).

Ms. Kane, let me introduce my boss, Mr. Sato (to you).

很高兴认识您。

Nice to meet you.

Nice to meet you. (很高兴认识您。)

Nice to meet you, too. (认识您我也很高兴。)

Pleased to meet you.

Pleased to meet you, too. *作为上面例句的回答。

Very nice to meet you.

Very nice to meet you, too. *作为上面例句的回答。

How do you do? *Nice to meet you的说法稍显郑重。

How do you do? *可以重复How do you do? 来作为上面例句的回答。

It's a pleasure to meet you.

I'm happy to meet you.

彼此彼此。

Nice to meet you, too.

您贵姓?

May I have your name, please?

I made a reservation for tonight. (我预订了今天晚上的宴会。)

May I have your name, please? (您贵姓?)

What's your name, please?

May I ask who you are? (您是哪位?) *用来询问对方的身份。

Who's calling, please? *只用于打电话。

Who are you? (你是谁?)

What's your name? (你叫什么名字?)

What's your name? (你叫什么名字?)

My name's John. (我叫约翰。)

我给你介绍一下我的朋友。

I'd like you to meet a friend of mine.

Hi, John. (!约翰,你好!)

Hi, Joe. I'd like you to meet a friend of mine. (!琼,我给你介绍一下我的朋友。)

他是个好人。

He's a nice guy.

He's a nice guy. (他是个好人。)

He sure is. (确实如此。)

见到您我很高兴。

I'm glad to meet you.

I'm glad to meet you. (见到您我很高兴。)

So am I. (我也很高兴。)

I'm glad to meet you. (认识您我很高兴。)

The feeling is mutual. (我也很高兴。)

Glad to meet you.

Good to meet you.

I'm pleased to meet you.

I'm pleased to meet you. (能认识您,我很高兴。)

Pleased to meet you, too. (能认识您,我也很高兴。)

I'm really happy that I could meet you.

I'm really happy that I could meet you. (能认识您我觉得非常高兴。)

Same here. (我也很高兴。)

能认识您我感到非常荣幸。

It's an honor for me to meet you.

I'm Harrison Ford. (我是哈里森?福特。)

It's an honor for me to meet you. (能认识您我感到非常荣幸。)

请叫我……

Please call me...

Nice to meet you, Mr. Smith. (史密斯先生,很高兴认识您。)

Please call me John. (请叫我约翰。)

我们是不是在哪儿见过面?

Don't I know you from somewhere?

Don't I know you from somewhere? (我们是不是在哪儿见过面?)

No, I don't think so. (不,我想没见过。)

Haven't we met (somewhere) before?

Haven't we met somewhere (before)?

Don't I know you? (你不认识我吗?)

You look familiar. (你看上去很面熟。)

想起来了吗?

Remember?

Do you know that man? (你认识那个男人?)

He's my father. Remember? (他是我父亲,想起来了吗?)

Do you remember?

Don't you remember? (你不记得了?)

!对了,你是史密斯先生。

Oh, yeah, you're Mr. Smith!

Oh, yeah, I do know you. (哦,是的,我认识你。)

I know you, but I forgot your name. (我认识你,可是我忘了你叫什么。)

我不敢肯定,也许在哪儿见过。

I'm not sure. Maybe.

It's possible. (我不肯定,可能吧?)

What's your name again? (你叫什么来着?)

不,我想不是这样的。

No, I don't think so.

No, I'm afraid not.

No, I don't believe so.

这是我们第一次见面。

This is the first time we have met.

Have you two met? (你们俩人见过?)

No, this is the first time we have met. (没见过,这是我们第一次见面。)

We've never met before. (我们以前从来没见过。)

鲍勃是你的老朋友吗?

Is Bob an old friend of yours?

Is Bob an old friend of yours? (鲍勃是你的老朋友吗?)

Yes, I met him twenty years ago in America. (是的,我是20年前在美国认识他的。)

我想不起来他叫什么名字了。

I can't remember his name.

I can't remember his name. (我想不起来他叫什么名字了。)

Neither can I. (我也想不起来了。)

I can't recall his name. His name escapes me.

这事全拜托你了。

I leave it entirely to your kind consideration. *consideration “体贴、照顾”。

I'll leave it up to you. 直译是“(工作或决定等)全都靠你了”。

Please consider it. *considerthink about,即“考虑”、“细想”。

I'd appreciate it if you could consider it.

我叫约翰?希恩。

I'm John Sheehan.

My name is John Sheehan.

My name's John Sheehan.

●和初次见面的人交谈

您是哪里人?

Where are you from?

My country has a lot of mountains... (我的家乡有很多山……)

Oh, yeah? Where are you from? (哦,是吗?您是哪儿人?)

Where are you from? (您是哪里人?)

I'm from Japan. (我是日本人。)

我是加拿大人。

I'm from Canada.

我从加拿大来。

I come from Canada. *I'm from Canada.和②I come from Canada.的意思几乎一样。但是②含有两种意思:一种是“自加拿大来,但并非是加拿大籍”;另一种意思是“我是加拿大人”。

I was born in Canada. (我出生在加拿大。)

Chicago is my hometown. (我的故乡是芝加哥。)

你觉得日本怎么样?

How do you like Japan?

What do you think about Japan?

我很喜欢。

I like it.

是个好地方。

It's a good place.

你都去过日本的哪些地方?

Where have you been in Japan?

你现在住在哪儿?

Where do you live now?

我住在东京。

I live in Tokyo.

您是来度假的吗?

Are you here on vacation? *on business是“因公”,on vacation是“度假”。

Are you vacationing?

Are you here for a vacation?

Is this a pleasure trip?

Are you here on business or for pleasure? (您来这是工作还是游玩?)

我是来工作的。

I'm here on business.

My trip is business related. (我的旅行和工作有关。)

I'm on a business trip.

您来日本多长时间了?

How long have you been in Japan?

How long have you been in Japan? (您来日本多长时间了?)

I just arrived last week. (上星期刚来。)

How long have you been in Japan? (您来日本多长时间了?)

About three years. (大概3年左右了。)

4个月左右。

About four months.

你习惯日本的生活了吗?

Are you used to life in Japan? *be used to “习惯”,注意“d”不发音。

Are you used to life in Japan? (你习惯日本的生活了吗?)

No, not yet. (没有,还不习惯。)

Have you gotten used to life in Japan?

Have you grown accustomed to Japan?

你在日本呆到什么时候?

How long will you be in Japan?

How long will you be in Japan? (你在日本呆到什么时候?)

Until next month. (呆到下个月。)

How long do you plan to stay?

呆到12月。

Until December.

你说日语吗?

Do you speak Japanese?

Do you speak Japanese? (你说日语吗?)

Unfortunately, no. (很遗憾,我不会。)

Can you speak Japanese? (你能说日语吗?)

Are you a Japanese speaker?

只会一点儿。

A little.

Just a little.

Some. (一点儿。)

我一点儿都不会说。

I can't speak Japanese at all. *not...at all “一点都不……”。

我会一点儿日常会话。

I know (everyday) conversational Japanese.

你是在哪儿学的日语?

Where did you learn Japanese?

在学校。

At school.

我自学的。

I learned it on my own. *on my own “自学”、“靠自己的力量”。

I learned it by myself. *by oneself “一个人”、“靠自己的力量”。

你什么时候过生日?

When's your birthday?

When's your birthday? (你什么时候过生日?)

It's May 24th. (524)

●有关工作

你了解他的背景吗?

Do you know his background?

Do you know his background? (你了解他的背景吗?)

I know very little about him. (我一点儿也不了解。)

我在一家电脑公司工作。

I work for a computer company.

我是国家公务员。

I'm a government employee.

我是个体经营者。

I'm self-employed.

你在哪个部门工作?

Which department do you work for?

I work for ABC Company. (我在ABC公司工作。)

Which department do you work for? (你在哪个部门工作?)

搞销售的。

Sales.

这个工作你做了多长时间了?

How long have you been doing that job?

10年了。

For 10 years.

你的公司在哪儿?

Where is your company?

Where is your company located?

在新宿。

In Shinjuku.

上下班路上要花多长时间?

How long does it take (you) to commute? *commute “上班,上学”。

1个小时左右。

About one hour.

Around one hour.

It takes about one hour.

About an hour.

你怎么去上班?

How do you get to work?

How do you go to work?

我坐地铁。

I ride the subway.

I use the subway.

I take the subway.

我正在调工作。

I'm changing jobs.

我正在找工作。

I'm job hunting now.

I'm looking for work now.

我明年退休。

I'm retiring next year.

我现在失业了。

I'm out of work now. *out of work “失业”。

I don't have a job now.

I'm not working right now.

I'm unemployed. (现在失业了。)

●有关学校

你是学生吗?

Are you a student?

Are you a student? (你是学生吗?)

No, I've already finished school. (不是,我已经毕业了。)

Do you go to school? (你还在上学吗?)

我是个大学生。

I'm a college student. *在美国,college指包括university在内的大学。

I'm a junior college student. (我是大专生。)

I go to a vocational school. (我上职业专科学校。)

I go to a cram school. (我上的是补习学校。)

我正在学习英文。

I'm studying English.

我毕业于明治大学。

I went to Meiji University.

你上的哪所大学?

Where did you go to college? *college 指的一般大学。

Where did you go to college? (你上的哪所大学?)

I went to Harvard University. (我上的是哈佛大学。)

你上什么学校?

What school do you go to?

Which school do you go to?

我上……大学。

I go to...university. *elementary school “小学”,junior high school “中学”,high school “高中”。

你上几年级了?

What year are you in? *这句主要是问高中和大学的年级。如果是问小学生的话,应该用What grade are you in?

我上一年级。

I'm a freshman. *在美国的高中和大学1年级是freshman,2年级是sophomore3年级是junior4年级是senior。在美国没有初中的情况很多。在小学用I'm in first grade.表示1年级,I'm in second grade.表示2年级。

我明年毕业。

I'll graduate next year.

I'm graduating next year.

你的专业是什么?

What's your major?

What do you major in?

What are you studying? (你是学什么的?)

我的专业是英语。

I'm an English major.

I major in English.

你参加哪个俱乐部?

What club are you in?

What club do you belong to?

我在滑雪俱乐部。

I'm in the ski club.

你在打工吗?

Do you have a part-time job? *小时工是a part time job,正式职工是a full-time worker

Do you have a part-time job? (你在打工吗?)

Yes, I'm a tutor. I work three times a week. (嗯,我做家教,一星期教三次。)

Do you work part-time? (你在做小时工吗?)

我一个星期去一次书店做收银员。

I work at a bookstore as a cashier once a week.

毕业以后你打算做什么?

What are your plans after graduation?

What are your plans after graduation? (毕业以后你打算做什么?)

I haven't decided yet. (我还没有决定。)

What are you going to do after you graduate?

●有关家庭

你家有几口人?

How many people are in your family?

I have a large family. (我家是个大家庭。)

How many people are in your family? (你家有几口人?)

四口人。

Four people.

父母和我的妹妹。

My parents and my younger sister.

你有兄弟姐妹吗?

Any brothers or sisters?

Any brothers or sisters? (你有兄弟姐妹吗?)

No, none. (没有,一个也没有。)

Do you have any brothers or sisters?

Any siblings? *文言表达方式。sibling指“兄弟姐妹”。

只有一个哥哥(弟弟)

Just one brother. *justonly都表示“只有,只”。想明确表示哥哥时用older brother,弟弟用younger brother。英语中一般不把兄弟或姐妹加以区分。

I just have one brother.

你和父母住在一起吗?

Do you live with your parents?

我一个人住。

I live alone.

我住在公寓里。

I live in an apartment.

你结婚了吗?

Are you married?

Are you married? (你结婚了吗?)

Yes, I'm married. (是的,我结婚了。)

不,还没有。

No, not yet.

Do you have any children? (你有孩子吗?)

No, not yet. (不,还没有。)

Nope. (没,没有。)

Neah. (哪有啊。)

我有对象了。

I have a fiancé. *fiancé来自于法语,严格地来讲fiancé是“未婚夫”;fiancée是“未婚妻”。两者后缀不同,发音一样。

我打算明年结婚。

I'm going to get married next year.

我结婚了。

I'm married. *“独身”用I'm single表示。

我订婚了。

I'm engaged.

有孩子吗?

Any children?

Any children? (有孩子吗?)

I have one of each. (我有一个男孩,一个女孩。)

Do you have any children?

我有两个男孩。

I have two boys.

I have two sons. (我有两个儿子。)

我有一个女儿,在上小学。

I have one daughter in elementary school.

我没有孩子。

I don't have any children.

●有关兴趣和爱好

你有什么爱好?

What are your hobbies?

What are your hobbies? (你有什么爱好?)

I play golf. (我的爱好是打高尔夫球。)

你有点什么爱好吗?

Do you have any hobbies?

业余时间你都干什么?

What do you do when you have free time?

What do you do when you have free time?

(业余时间你都干什么?)

Nothing much. (不干什么。)

我喜欢看电影。

I like to watch movies.

I enjoy watching movies.

你喜欢看什么样的电影?

What kind of movies do you like?

What kind of movies do you like? (你喜欢看什么样的电影?)

Any kind. (什么都爱看。)

你的钢琴弹得真好。

You're a good pianist.

You play the piano well.

你喜欢哪种运动?

What kind of sports do you like?

你滑了多长时间雪了?

How long have you been skiing?

我只是喜欢看。

I just like to watch.

Do you play baseball? (你打棒球吗?)

No, I just like to watch. (不,我只是喜欢看。)

I only watch.

我是棒球迷。

I'm a baseball fan.

I'm a fan of baseball.

我喜欢打高尔夫球。

I like to play golf.

你练习过健美操吗?

Have you ever done aerobics?

Have you ever done aerobics? (你练过健美操吗?)

No way. (怎么可能!)

Have you done aerobics before?

你对什么感兴趣?

What are your interests? *interest “爱好”、“关心的事”。

What are your interests? (你对什么感兴趣?)

I'm interested in art. (我对美术感兴趣。)

What are your interested in?

What kind of things are you interested in?

What do you like?

我从没做过。

I've never done that.

I've never done that before.

That was the first time for me. (我可是头一次。)

你去国外旅行过吗?

Have you ever traveled abroad?

Have you ever traveled abroad? (你去国外旅行过吗?)

Yes, twice. (是的,去过两次。)

Have you been overseas? (你去国外旅行过吗?)

你去哪儿了?

Where have you been?

我去美国和德国了。

I've been to the U.S. and Germany.

下次你想去哪儿?

Where do you want to go next?

Where do you want to go next? (下次你想去哪儿?)

No place particular. (没有什么特别的地方。)

●有关年龄、身高和体重

你多大了?

How old are you? *在美国,出于礼貌是不问别人的年龄、体重和身高的。除非是自己比较熟悉的人,最好回避提这些问题。

I'm not old enough to drive. (我还不到开车的年龄。)

How old are you? (你多大了?)

I can't drink alcohol yet. (我还不能喝酒。)

How old are you? (你多大了?)

May I ask how old you are? (我可以问您的年龄吗?)

May I ask your age? (我可以问您的年龄吗?) *比较礼貌的说法。

48岁。

I'm forty-eight.

你的体重是多少?

How much do you weigh?

What's your weight?

75公斤左右。

About seventy-five kilograms. *美国不用公制单位,而用pound(1大约453,复数是pounds)

我重164

I weigh a-hundred-sixty-four pounds.

I weigh 164 Ibs. *Ibs.读为pounds

你有多高?

How tall are you?

What's your height?

180左右。

About one-hundred-eighty centimeters. *美国不用公制单位,而用foot英尺计算(1英尺大约30厘米,复数是feet1英大约是2.5厘米,复数是inches)

我身高5英尺3寸。

I'm five feet three inches tall.

I'm 53 tall.

I'm five three. *口语中常用这种省略说法。

●有关天气

今天真热呀!

It's very hot today, isn't it? *isn't it? 带有“真……呀!”的语感。

Isn't it hot today?

Today's a scorcher. *scorcher 为口语,“太阳火辣辣的天气”。

天气炎热。

It's blistering hot.

It's extremely hot.

今天的天气真好!

It's a fine day today.

It's beautiful today.

It's nice today.

明天的天气怎么样?

What's the forecast for tomorrow?

What's the forecast for tomorrow? (明天的天气怎么样?)

It's going to be cold. (会冷吧。)

What will the weather be like tomorrow?

What's the weather going to be tomorrow?

What's tomorrow's forecast?

今天的天气怎么样?

How's the weather today?

How's the weather today? (今天的天气怎么样?)

It's hot. (今天很热。)

今天会下雨吗?

Is it going to rain today?

Is it going to rain today?(今天会下雨吗?)

I doubt it. (我想不会。)

好像要下雨。

We're expecting some rain.

It's going to rain.

It's supposed to rain.

Rain is expected.

I heard it might rain. (我听说今天可能下雨。)

下雨了。

It's raining.

今天会下雨吧!

It's going to rain today.

It will rain today.

今天很热。

It's hot today.

今天很暖和。

It's warm today.

It's a warm day.

今天很冷。

It's cold today.

It's cold today. (今天很冷。)

It sure is. (就是。)

今天冷嗖嗖的。

It's chilly today.

It's cool today.

It's nippy today.

今天风很大。

It's windy today.

It's a windy day.

今天很闷热。

It's humid.

It's really humid today. (今天很闷啊!)

Yeah, my body is sweaty. (是呀,我浑身都是汗。)

气候干燥。

It's dry.

It's wet today. (今天像要下雨。)

It's rainy today. (今天像要下雨。)

暴风雨天气。

It's stormy.

There is going to be a storm today. (今天将有暴风雨。)

下雪了。

It's snowing.

It's snowing. (下雪了。)

Yeah! Let's go skiing. (太好了!我们去滑雪吧。)

天阴沉沉的。

It's gloomy.

It's cloudy. (阴天。)

看样子我们会遇上雷阵雨。

It looks like we are going to have a thunder shower.

台风快到了。

A typhoon is coming.

Why are you taping your windows? (干吗往窗户上贴胶条?)

A typhoon is coming. (台风快到了。)

A typhoon is on its way.

起雾了。

It's foggy.

冷得像要结冰了。

It's freezing.

It's very cold today. (今天非常寒冷。)

快要下暴风雨了。

We're going to have a blizzard.

这天真舒服。

It's pleasant.

It's comfortable. (这天真舒服。)

It's a nice day. (真是个好天。)

今天风和日丽。

It's mild today. *mild 表示气候“温暖的,温和的”。

It's a mild day.

雾蒙蒙的。

It's misty.

今天阴天。

It's overcast today.

Let's go sunbathing. (我们去做日光浴吧。)

But, it's overcast today. (可是,今天阴天。)

It's cloudy today.

糟糕的天气。

It's miserable.

It's a terrible day.

It's an awful day.

我怕热。

I'm sensitive to heat. *sensitive “容易感觉到的,敏感的”。

今天风和日丽。

It's breezy today.

It's a breezy day.

今天的天气让人不舒服。

It's uncomfortable today.

It's unpleasant today.

热死我了。

The heat is killing me.

下了瓢泼大雨。

It's raining cats and dogs! *cat ()dog ()来表示瓢泼大雨。可以说cats and dogs,却不能反过来说成dogs and cats

下霜了。

It's frosty today.

It's a frosty day.


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