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金融词汇 2

2011-11-29 10:12:52 版主

金融词汇 2

 

Barter
  The process of trading goods and services without the use of money.
  以物易物
  不牵涉金钱的货品或服务交易

Base Period
  A particular time period used for comparative purposes when measuring economic data.
  基本时期
  在分析经济数据时作为比较基础的时期

Basing
  A period in which a stock price has very little or no trend resulting in a flat price pattern.
  平稳期
  股价变化极少甚至没有变动,造成股价持平的时期

Basis Point (BP)
  A measure of a bond’s yield, equal to 1/100th of 1% of yield. A bond whose yield increases from 5.0% to 5.5% is said to increase by 50 basis points.
  基点
  债券收益率单位,相等于1%的百分之一。债券收益率从5.0%上升至5.5%即相等于上升50基点

Bear Market
  A market in which prices of a certain group of securities are falling or are expected to fall. Although figures can vary, a downturn of 15%-20% or more in multiple indexes (Dow or S&P 500) is considered a bear market.
  熊市
  一组证券的价格下跌或预期会下跌的市场状况。虽然数据可能视乎情况而有所不同,但一般来说,指多个重要指数(例如道琼斯或标准普尔500)下跌15-20%或以上

Bear Raid
  An illegal practice whereby investors attempt to push the price of a stock lower by taking large short positions and spreading unfavorable rumors about the target firm.
  空头猛跌,大量抛空以使价格下跌
  一种非法投资手段,指投资者通过大量卖空目标公司的股票,并散播有关这家公司的不利谣言,推低股价

Bearer Form
  A security not registered in the issuing corporation’s books but is payable to its bearer (the person possessing it).
  凭票即付形式,无记名形式
  并无登记在发行公司的账目上,但会向持票人支付的票据

Beginning Inventory
  The book value of goods, inputs, or materials available for use or sale at the beginning of an inventory accounting period.
  期初库存
  在一个库存会计时期开始时可供使用或出售的货品、物资或原料的账面价值

Behavioral Economics
  A field of economics that studies how the actual decision-making process influences the decisions that are reached.
  行为经济学
  经济学的一个范畴,研究实际决策程序对最后作出决策的影响

Behavioral Finance
  A field of finance that proposes psychology-based theories to explain stock market anomalies. Within behavioral finance it is assumed that the information structure and the characteristics of market participants systematically influence their investment decisions as well as market outcomes.
  行为金融学
  金融学的一个范畴,主张以心理理论解释股票市场的不正常情况。行为金融学假设市场参与者的信息结构及特点有系统地影响其投资决策及市场结果

Benchmark
  Anything that serves as a standard for something’s performance to be measured against.
  基准
  用作衡量任何形式表现的任何比较标准

Benchmark Bond
  A bond that provides a standard for comparing the performance of other bonds. Government bonds are almost always used as benchmark bonds.
  基准债券
  用作比较其他债券表现的标准。美国国库券几乎是所有债券的基准债券

Beneficial Owner
  A person or firm that benefits from owning an asset even though they are not registered as a shareholder.
  受益者
  一名人士或一家机构拥有某资产的利益但并无登记为股东

Beneficiary
  A person or entity named in a will or financial contract to be an inheritor of someone’s property when the property owner dies.
  受益方
  遗嘱或财务合约中订明有权在资产拥有者过世后承继有关资产的人士或机构

Benefit Cost Ratio - (BCR)
  A ratio attempting to clearly identify the relationship between the cost and benefits of a proposed project.
  效益成本比率
  旨在清楚确立拟定项目成本与效益之间关系的比率

金融词汇 2


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