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商贸实用词汇

2011-11-29 10:24:41 版主

商贸实用词汇

 

BUGS Index
  Short for "basket of un-hedged gold stocks," the BUGS index is the AMEX’s index measuring gold companies that do not hedge their gold production beyond a year and a half.
  无对冲黄金股票指数
  是美国股票交易所的一个指数,包含没有对一年半后黄金产量进行对冲的黄金公司

Bulge Bracket
  The group of firms in an underwriting syndicate who sold the largest amount of the issue.
  表现最佳承销商
  在承销团中出售最多股票的机构

Bull
  An investor who thinks the market, a specific security, or an industry will rise.
  乐观投资者
  认为总体市场或个别证券或行业股票的股价将上升的投资者

Bull Market
  A market in which prices of a certain group of securities are rising or are expected to rise.
  牛市
  一组证券的价格上升或预期会上升的市场状况

Bull Spread
  An option strategy in which maximum profit is attained if the underlying security rises in price. Either calls or puts can be used. The lower strike price is purchased and the higher strike price is sold. The options have the same expiration date.
  看涨的多空套做
  一种在相关证券价格上升时可获得最大利润的期权策略。买入或出售期权都可以采用这个策略。方法为买入行使价格较低的期权,卖出行使价格较高的期权,两者的到期日一样。

Bull Vertical Spread
  An optimistic strategy used by investors who feel that the market price of a commodity will appreciate, but wish to limit the downside potential associated with an incorrect prediction.
  看涨的纵向多空套做
  看涨投资者的投资策略,投资者认为某商品的市价将上升,但希望控制预测错误造成损失的可能性

Bulldog Bond
  A sterling denominated bond that is issued in London by a company that is not British.
  猛犬债券
  由非英国企业在伦敦发行的英镑债券

Bullet Bond
  A regular coupon paying debt instrument with a single repayment of principal on the maturity date.
  期末一次性偿还债券
  定期支付息票的债务工具,在到期日一次性偿还本金

Bullet Loan
  Any loan that requires a balloon payment at the end of the term and anticipates that the loan will be refinanced in order to meet the balloon payment obligation.
  期末一次性偿还贷款
  在期末一次性偿还的贷款,预期贷款需要进行再融资以应付一次性偿还

Bullet Repayment
  A single payment for an entire loan amount that is paid at maturity.
  一次性偿还
  在到期时偿还全数贷款的一次性付款

Bullet Trade
  The act of purchasing an "in the money" put option so that the buyer can capitalize on a bear market by effectively shorting a stock without waiting for an uptick.
  子弹式交易
  买入摰郊蹟出售期权,买方因此可卖空相关股份,从而可以在熊市里无需等待股价回升而获利

Burn Rate
  The rate at which a new company uses up its venture capital to finance overhead before generating positive cash flow from operations. In other words, it’s a measure of negative cash flow.
  资金消耗率
  一家新公司在赚取营运现金流前消耗创业资金支付日常开支的比率。换言之,是量度负现金流的指标

Business to Business (B2B)
  Business conducted between companies, rather than between a company and individual consumers.
  商业对商业(B2B)
  两家公司进行的交易,而不是一家公司与个别消费者之间的交易

Buy
  A recommendation to purchase a specific security.
  买入
  建议买入个别证券

Buy And Hold
  An investing strategy where stocks are bought and held for a long period regardless of fluctuations in the market.
  买入并持有
  买入及长期持有证券的投资策略,其间不论市场如何波动仍继续持有

Buy Back
  1. The buying back of shares by a corporation in order to reduce the number of shares on the market. 2. The purchasing of shares previously sold short so the open position is closed.
  回购
  1. 企业买回自身的股票以减少市场上股票的数量2. 买入之前卖空的股票以平仓

Buyer’s Market
  A market condition characterized by an abundance of goods available for sale.
  买方市场
  市场供应庞大的市场状况

Buy-In
  When an investor is forced to repurchase shares because the seller did not deliver the securities in a timely fashion, or did not deliver them at all.
  补偿买进
  投资者需要重新购买股票,因为卖方不能准时送交证券,甚至完全没有送交证券

Buying Hedge
  A transaction that commodities investors undertake to hedge against possible increases in the prices of the actuals underlying the futures contracts.
  买入对冲
  商品投资者就期货合约牵涉商品价格上升进行对冲的交易

Buying Power
  The money an investor has available to buy securities. In a margin account, the buying power is the total cash held in the brokerage account plus maximum margin available.
  购买力
  投资者持有可以用作购买证券的资金。对于保证金帐户,购买力相等于证券帐户内的现金+最高保证金

Buyout
  The purchase of a company or a controlling interest of a corporation’s shares. A leveraged buyout is accomplished with borrowed money or by issuing more stock.
  收购
  入一家公司或一家公司的控股股权。负债收购指通过借贷或发行更多股票完成收购

Buy-Side
  The investing institutions such as mutual funds, pension funds, and insurance firms that tend to buy large portions of securities.
  买方

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