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商贸实用词汇

2011-11-29 10:25:46 版主

Buyer’s Market
  A market condition characterized by an abundance of goods available for sale.
  买方市场
  市场供应庞大的市场状况

Buying Hedge
  A transaction that commodities investors undertake to hedge against possible increases in the prices of the actuals underlying the futures contracts.
  买入对冲
  商品投资者就期货合约牵涉商品价格上升进行对冲的交易


  huiyong 2007-07-17 15:09
  Calendar Year
  The year that begins January 1 and ends December 31
  日历年
  1月1日开始12月31日结束的一年

Call
  An option contract giving the owner the right (but not the obligation) to buy a specified amount of an underlying security at a specified price within a specified time.
  买入期权
  一种期权合约,给与持有人以特定的价格在特定的时间内购买特定数量相关证券的权力(但并非义务)

商贸实用词汇

Call Date
  The date on which a bond can be redeemed before maturity. If the issuer feels there is a benefit to refinancing the issue, the bond may be redeemed on the call date at par or at a small premium to par.
  买回日期
  债券可在到期前赎回的日期。若发行人认为进行再融资是有利的做法,可在这天以债券的面值或以相对面值有轻微溢价的价值赎回债券

Call Loan
  A loan provided to a brokerage firm and used to finance margin accounts. The interest rate on a call loan is calculated daily. The resulting interest rate is referred to as the call loan rate.
  短期同业拆借,通知贷款
  向证券经纪行借出贷款,用来作为保证金帐户的资金。同业拆借的利率每日计算,最终利率成为同业拆借利率

Call Loan Rate
  The short term interest rate charged on a secured call loan, usually in margin accounts.
  短期同业拆借利率,通知贷款利率
  有担保同业拆借的短期利率,一般适用于保证金帐户

Call Option
  An agreement that gives an investor the right (but not the obligation) to buy a stock, bond, commodity, or other instrument at a specified price within a specific time period.
  买入期权
  一种协议,给与投资者以特定的价格在特定的时间内购买一种股票、债券、商品或其他金融工具的权力(但并非义务)

Call Premium
  1. The dollar amount over the par value of a convertible fixed income and debt security. This amount is given to holders when the security is called by the issuer due to the soft call provision. 2. The amount the purchaser of a call option must pay to the writer.
  买回溢价
  1. 高于可转换债券及债券面值的金额。在发行人根据非强制性买回条款买回证券时向持有人支付2. 买入期权买方必须向卖方支付的金额

Call Warrant
  A warrant that gives the holder the right to buy the underlying share for an agreed price, on or before a specified date.
  买入认股权证
  给与持有人以协议价格在特定日期或在特定日期前买入相关股份的认股权证

Callable Bond
  A bond that can be redeemed by the issuer prior to its maturity. Usually a premium is paid to the bond owner when the bond is called.
  可买回债券
  发行人可在到期前赎回的债券。一般在赎回时需要向债券持有人支付溢价

Callable Preferred Stock
  A type of preferred stock that carries the provision that the issuer has the right to call in the stock at a certain price and retire it.
  可买回优先股
  一种优先股,给与发行人以特定价格买回并赎回优先股的权力

CAMELS Rating System
  An international bank-rating system with which bank supervisory authorities rate institutions according to six factors. The six areas examined are represented by the acronym "CAMELS."
  CAMELS评级制度
  国际通用银行评级制度,银行监察机构根据六个因素评定金融机构的登记。CAMELS代表六个评级因素,包括资本充足 (capital adequacy)、资产质量 (asset quality)、管理质素 (management quality)、盈利(earnings)、流动资金(liquidity)、对市场风险的敏感度(sensitivity to market risk)

Capital
  1. Financial assets or the financial value of assets such as cash. 2. The factories, machinery, and equipment owned by a business.
  资本/资本金
  1. 财务资产或现金等资产的财务价值2. 企业拥有的厂房、机械及设备

Capital Account
  The net result of public and private international investment flowing in and out of a country.
  资本帐户
  流入及流出一个国家公共及私人国际性投资的净额

Capital Adequacy Ratio (CAR)
  A measure of a bank’s capital. It is expressed as a percentage of a bank’s risk weighted credit exposures.
  资本充足率
  评估银行资本的标准,以银行的风险调整信贷风险的百分比表达

Capital Appreciation
  A rise in the market price of an asset.
  资本升值
  资产市值上升

Capital Asset
  A long-term asset that is not bought or sold in the regular course of business.
  资本资产
  并非在正常业务过程中买入或出售的长期资产

Capital Asset Pricing Model (CAPM)
  A model describing the relationship between risk and expected return. It serves as a model for the pricing of risky securities. CAPM says that the expected return of a security or a portfolio equals the rate on a risk-free security plus a risk premium. If this expected return does not meet or beat the required return then the investment should not be undertaken.
  资本资产计价模型
  用以说明风险与预期回报之间关系的模型, 可用作为有风险证券定价。资本资产定价模型的理论为证券或投资组合的预期回报相等于无风险证券的回报率+风险溢价。若预期回报不能达到或超越要求回报,则不应进行这项投资计算方法:

Capital Base
  1. The capital acquired during an IPO, or the additional offerings of a company, plus any retained earnings. 2. An initial investment plus subsequent investments made by an investor into their portfolio.
  资本金基础
  1. 公司首次公开上市或后续股票发行获取的资金,加上保留盈利2. 投资者对投资组合投入的初步投资以及后续投资

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