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    商务英语中易混淆词组总结(1)

    2012-1-9 18:06:26 sky

    1. clothes, cloth, clothing
    clothes统指各种衣服,谓语动词永远是复数, cloth指布,为不可数名词 clothing 服装的总称,    指一件衣服用a piece of, an article of
    2. incident, accident
    incident指小事件, accident指不幸的事故He was killed in the accident.
    3. amount, number
    amount后接不可数名词, number后接可数名词 a number of students
    4. family, house, home
    home 家,包括住处和家人,house房子,住宅,family家庭成员. My family is a happy one.
    5. sound, voice, noise
    sound自然界各种各样的声音,voice人的嗓音,noise噪音I hate the loud noise outside.
    6. photo, picture, drawing
    photo用照相机拍摄的照片,picture可指相片,图片,电影片,drawing画的画 Let’s go and see a good picture.
    7. vocabulary, word
    vocabulary词汇,一个人拥有的单词量,word具体的单词He has a large vocabulary.
    8. population, people
    population人口,人数,people具体的人 China has a large population.
    9. weather, climate
    weather一天内具体的天气状况,climate长期的气候状况 The climate here is not good for you.
    10. road, street, path, way
    road具体的公路,马路,street街道,path小路,小径,way道路,途径
    take this road; in the street, show me the way to the museum.
    11. course, subject
    course课程(可包括多门科目),subject科目(具体的学科)a summer course
    12. custom, habit
    custom传统风俗,习俗,也可指生活习惯,后接to do, habit生活习惯,习惯成自然,后接of doing. I’ve got the habit of drinking a lot.
    13. cause, reason
    cause 指造成某一事实或现象的直接原因,后接of sth./doing sth,reason用来解释某种现象或结果的理由,后接for sth./doing sth. the reason for being late
    14. exercise, exercises, practice
    exercise运动,锻炼(不可数),exercises练习(可数),practice(反复做的)练习 Practice makes perfect.
    15. class, lesson
    作"课"解时,两者可以替换.指课文用lesson. 指班级或全体学生用class. lesson 6; class 5
    16. speech, talk, lecture
    speech指在公共场所所做的经过准备的较正式的演说,talk日常生活中的一般的谈话,讲话,lecture学术性的演讲,讲课 a series of lecture on…
    17. officer, official
    officer部队的军官,official政府官员 an army officer
    18. work, job
    二者均指工作。work不可数,job可数 a good job
    19. couple, pair
    couple主要指人或动物,pair多指由两部分组成的东西 a pair of trousers
    20. country, nation, state, land
    country侧重指版图,疆域,nation指人民,国民,民族,state侧重指政府,政体,land国土,国家 The whole nation was sad at the news.
    21. cook, cooker
    cook厨师,cooker厨具 He is a good cook.
    22. damage, damages
    damage不可数名词, 损害,损失; damages复数形式, 赔偿金 $900 damages
    23. police, policeman
    police警察的总称,后接复数谓语动词,policeman 指某个具体的警察 The police are questioning everyone in the house.
    24. problem, question
    problem常和困难连系,前面的动词常为think about, solve, raise,question常和疑问连系,多和ask, answer连用
    25. man, a man
    man人类,a man一个男人 Man will conquer nature.
    26. chick, chicken
    二者均可指小鸡,chicken还可以当鸡肉 The chicken is delicious.
    27. telegram, telegraph
    当电报解时,telegram指具体的,telegraph指抽象的 a telegram, by telegraph
    28. trip, journey, travel, voyage
    travel是最常用的,trip指短期的旅途,journey指稍长的旅途,voyage指海上航行 a three-day trip
    29. sport, game
    sport多指户外的游戏或娱乐活动,如打球,游泳,打猎,赛马等;game指决定胜负的游戏,通常有一套规则 His favorite sport is swimming.
    30. price, prize
    price价格,prize奖,奖品,奖金 win the first prize The price is high/low.
    31. a number of, the number of
    a number of许多,谓语动词用复数。the number of…的数目,谓语动词用单数。The number of students is increasing.
    32. in front of, in the front of
    in front of范围外的前面,in the front of范围内的前面 In the front of the room sits a boy.
    33. of the day, of a day
    of the day每一天的,当时的,当代的, of a day暂时的,不长久的 a famous scientist of the day
    34. three of us, the three of us
    three of us我们(不止三个)中的三个,the three of us我们三个(就三个人)The three of us---Tom, Jack and I went to the cinema.
    35. by bus, on the bus
    by bus表手段,方式,不用冠词,on the bus表范围 They went there by bus.
    36. for a moment, for the moment
    for a moment 片刻,一会儿,for the moment暂时,一时 Thinking for a moment, he agreed.
    37. next year, the next year
    next year将来时间状语,the next year过去将来时间状语 He said he would go abroad the next year.
    38. more than a year, more than one year
    more than a year一年多,more than one year超过一年(两年或三年等)
    39. take advice, take the(one’s) advice
    take advice征求意见,take the advice接受忠告 He refused to take the advice and failed again.
    40. take air, take the air
    take air传播,走漏,take the air到户外去,散步 We take the air every day.

     


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