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托业口语—付款方式

2012-2-2 11:15:56 版主

托业口语 

Payment in foreign trade is often complicated.
[00:04.14]对外贸易中的货款支付是非常复杂的。
[00:06.22]It plays an important role in the process of trade.
[00:08.29]它在交易过程中起着非常重要的作用。
[00:10.37]All activities mean nothing without gurantee of payment.
[00:12.75]没有支付货款的保证,一切贸易活动都没有意义。
[00:15.12]The method of payment to be used is matter arreanged by the parties concerned.
[00:17.71]采用哪种付款方式由有关方面决定。
[00:20.30]Various ways of payment are un use in the import and expore trade.
[00:22.40]在进出口贸易中支付货款方式各种各样。
[00:24.50]Among them,payment by the letter of credit is most essentially a method of collecting money on the shipping documents.
[00:29.06]其中,以信用证支付货款是凭货运单据收款的最重要的方式。
[00:33.62]It can ensure that the exporter can get paid as soon as he has fulfilled his part of the sales contract and has shipped the goods even if the buyer has not received the oggds ,
[00:40.19]它能保证出口商只要履行了合同的一部分并已经向进出口商发货,就能得到货款,即使进出商尚未收到货物;
[00:46.76]and insure that the importer is assured of title to the goods before he pays for them.
[00:49.85]还保证进出口商在支付货款之前已经拥有进口的货物。
[00:52.95]Otherwise,the exporter is unwilling to deliver the goods without receiving payment,while the importer is reluctant to pay his money without actually controlling the goods.
[00:57.94]否则,出口商没有得到货款举愿意发货,另一方面,进口商在实际控制货物之前也不情愿支付货款。
[01:02.93]The problem of both the exporter and the importer is solved through the intervention of the third party-- a bank.
[01:07.66]出口商和进口商的这一矛盾由于第三者即银行的介入而得到解决。
[01:12.39]The main stages a commercial letter of credit goes through as follow .
[01:14.72]商业信用证运作程序的主要步骤:
[01:17.06](1)A contract is made between the exporter and the overseas buyer stipulating payment by the letter or credit.
[01:22.13]出口商和国外进口商制定合同规定以信用证为支付方式;
[01:27.20](2)The overseas buyer instructs the bank at the residence of the buyer (also called the originating bank).
[01:31.60]进口商通知所在国银行(即开证行)
[01:36.00]to open L/C in favor of the exporter on the terms agreed upon in the contract of sale.
[01:40.77]按照销售合同上规定的条件开立以出口商为受益人的信用证;
[01:45.53](3)An L/C is opened and forwarded to the bank at the residence of the exporter (also called the advising bank )by the originating bank.
[01:51.06]开证行开立信用证并寄给出口商所在国的银行(即通知行);
[01:56.58](4)The advising bank delivers the L/C to the exporter and advises the exporter to arrange for the delivery of the goods,according to the terms of delivery stipulated in the contrast,
[02:03.69]通知银行将信用证交给出口商,通知出口商根据合同条款安排装运货物
[02:10.80]prepare the necessary documents and make the draft.
[02:12.92]备齐单据,开出汇票;
[02:15.05](5)On shipment ,the exporter presents the shipping documents to his advising bank(or the negotiating bank)with the request for payment in accordance with the payment terms.
[02:22.18]出口商把装运单据交给通知行(即议付行)要求根据付款协议付出口商货款;
[02:29.32](6)The advising bank(or the negotiating bank )checks the documents and then forward the documents to the issuing bank for reimbursement.
[02:34.63]议付行核对单据,然后寄给开证行索偿。
[02:39.95]The exporter must take care in scrutinizing the documentary letter of credit to make sure whether all the terms and condition in the credit can be complied with.
[02:45.25]出口商必须谨慎检查信用证,确信信用证上条件完全符合。
[02:50.55]If not,the L/C should be rejected immediately and require amendments,which must be made in advance of shipment of the goods,
[02:55.16]否则,信用证被即该拒绝,并要求在货物装运之前修改,

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